What Is The Value of a Business For Sale
What Is The Value of a Business?
The selling price is usually set by the owner who arrives at the sale price in a number of ways. It might be based on the previous purchase price, the original investment or by comparison with other businesses on the market. Other methods include the value based on future earnings, or on a comparison with the cost of setting up a similar business from scratch.
However, the selling price does not always accurately reflect the value of a business and prospective buyers should always conduct an independent valuation. A recent CPA Australia survey found more than 80% of potential buyers would have paid too much for their business if they hadn’t carried out financial due diligence.
The reputation, viability and potential of a business. It is the part of the purchase price left over after deducting all of the other assessable parts of the business, including fixtures, assets and outstanding debts. Goodwill should be assessed as part of the overall investment in a business that needs to be sufficiently profitable to at least cover the capital repayments after tax and provide a fair income for the new proprietor.
If the business is strong in tangible assets then these assets can be used as the basis for valuation. The assets are listed in the accounts of the business as ‘tangible assets’ (buildings, land, equipment, stock, fixtures and fittings), and usually with an estimation of how they have depreciated, or an estimation of their resale value. If the business for sale is a consultancy, or part of a service industry, the bulk of the assets are more likely to be ‘intangible assets’ (including intellectual property and goodwill e.g. a strong client list).
Commercial ideas are usually protected by copyright, patent, design, or trademark registration. Difficult to value, IP covers business or company name registration, copyright and confidentiality agreements
A purchaser may have to take on responsibility for employee entitlements such as holiday and long-service leave. These entitlements would have to be assessed and deducted from the purchase price. The liabilities of the seller are not normally calculated in a sale price and a purchaser would not normally take over debtors, creditors, liability for future orders.
The buyer and seller will arrive at their own estimations of these values, but usually the amount that should be paid for a business is based on the general condition of the business, market demand for the particular type of products or services, the profitability of the business, economic conditions, cash flow, the ability of goodwill to pass to the new owner and the strategic value of the business such as a long term lease or time saved in existing licences.
In buying a business, you need to make sure it will continue to make a profit by checking the following.
• commercial life of the business: the value of a business fluctuates throughout its commercial life. For instance, changes in the economy, the need to replace failing equipment and cancelled contracts will all impact on the viability of the business and its ability to remain profitable. A business can’t always be resold later for the same amount of money e.g. if you’re running a corner store and a large supermarket chain opens down the road this will devalue your business
• opportunity costs: the cost of passing up the next best choice when making a decision to invest. This accounts for the purchaser missing the opportunity to get income from other possible investments e.g. earning an income, putting the money into a term deposit